Security guards are an essential part of any organization or establishment’s safety plan. They play a crucial role in safeguarding the people, assets, and property of an organization against potential security threats. The security guard’s job is to maintain a secure and safe environment by performing various tasks that require vigilance, attention to detail, and quick thinking. In this article, we will discuss the top 6 tasks of security guards.

  1. Surveillance and Monitoring

One of the primary tasks of a security guard is to maintain surveillance and monitor the premises. Security guards need to keep a close eye on everything happening within their designated area of responsibility, and they must stay alert at all times. This can include monitoring CCTV cameras, scanning the perimeter, and keeping an eye on the entry and exit points. They should be able to identify any unusual or suspicious behavior and report it immediately to the appropriate authorities.

  1. Access Control

Another crucial task of security guards is access control. They are responsible for managing the flow of people and vehicles in and out of the premises. This can include checking IDs, verifying visitor lists, conducting security screenings, and issuing passes or badges. They must ensure that only authorized personnel are allowed to enter the facility and that they follow the established security protocols.

  1. Emergency Response

Security guards must be prepared to handle emergency situations. This can include responding to fire alarms, medical emergencies, and security breaches. They must have a thorough understanding of emergency response procedures and protocols, and they should be trained to handle different types of emergencies. They must know how to evacuate the premises and direct people to safe areas, coordinate with first responders, and provide basic first aid.

  1. Incident Reporting and Documentation

Security guards must be able to document incidents and report them accurately. This can include writing incident reports, taking photographs, and collecting evidence. They must be able to communicate clearly and effectively with the appropriate authorities, such as law enforcement or emergency services. The documentation of incidents is critical in helping to prevent similar incidents from happening in the future.

  1. Crowd Control

Security guards may be called upon to manage crowds during events or in public spaces. They must be able to maintain order, ensure the safety of all attendees, and prevent any disturbances. They should be able to identify potential issues before they escalate and take proactive measures to prevent them. Crowd control requires excellent communication skills, the ability to remain calm under pressure, and the ability to think on one’s feet.

  1. Preventative Measures

Preventing incidents is always preferable to responding to them after they occur. Security guards play a crucial role in implementing preventative measures to minimize the risk of security breaches. This can include regular patrols of the premises, ensuring that all access points are secure, and conducting security assessments to identify potential vulnerabilities. They may also be responsible for implementing security procedures, such as enforcing the use of ID badges, and educating employees on security best practices.


Security guards play a vital role in maintaining a safe and secure environment in various organizations and establishments. Their tasks may vary depending on the type of facility they are working in, but the primary responsibilities include surveillance and monitoring, access control, emergency response, incident reporting and documentation, crowd control, and preventative measures. Security guards must have the necessary training and qualifications to perform these tasks effectively. They must be able to remain calm under pressure, communicate effectively, and act quickly to prevent or respond to security breaches. The work of security guards is critical in safeguarding the people, assets, and property of an organization against potential security threats.

VP Security Guards has over 20 years experience providing top tier security personnel to businesses, venues, and construction sites. Our guards are trained to prevent dangerous situations and maintain your location’s safety and security. 


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